BullsEye Selected as a Master Contractor for Maryland Montgomery College’s Multi-Year IT Contract

Fulton, Maryland – July 11, 2018 – BullsEye Computing Solutions was selected by Montgomery College of Maryland as a Master Contractor for a five-year IT contract.

Under this IDIQ contract, BullsEye and its subcontractors will provide IT staffing and project-based services to the college and its affiliates in six (6) functional areas:

  1. IT Management
  2. IT System Management
  3. Information System Security
  4. Web & Internet Systems
  5. Application Support & Software Engineering
  6. Data Analytics & Reporting

BullsEye specializes in empowering technology and human resources to help customers achieve process efficiency and deliver high-profile, mission critical projects. The firm has 20 years of experience fulfilling business and IT needs of commercial and public organizations throughout the world. For more information, contact Elizabeth Hess at (410) 480-9443.

BullsEye plans to leverage Global Shield IS as a partner firm to bring unique Information Security and Compliance experience to enhance expertise in their respective focus areas.

Global Shield Information Services (GSIS) specializes in IT auditing for highly regulated government and commercial organizations. It supports public accounting firms with IT Risk Management Capabilities and performs IT financial and security audits and information assurance.  For more information, contact Doguhan Avsar at (202) 656-4099, or visit https://globalshieldis.com/.

An Introductory Guide to Audit Readiness – Part 3


Continuing from Part Two where we covered three of the four competencies within an organization and their procedures for audit readiness – Information Technology (IT) can turn out to be the most complex.

IT audit readiness may include, but is not limited to the following:

  • Resource planning for the organization and readiness procedures
  • IT General Controls
  • IT Systems and application controls

IT resource planning for audit readiness

As discussed in part two of the audit readiness guide, one of the roles in the planning process is to help identify experienced team members who can contribute towards the IT department’s audit readiness, as they are the ones who have most likely undergone at least one or more IT audits. These individuals would be most familiar with the processes involved and would understand what the auditors would be requesting, the types of audits they would run, and the systems and applications involved.

Identifying IT internal systems and applications for audit readiness

Audit readiness activities for the IT environment require the identification and evaluation of in-scope systems within the organization. The organization should be tracking, recording and reporting on any activities taking place that involve the selected systems and/or applications involved in the audit readiness plan and within any department reliant on these the IT systems.

Activities may include:

  • Documented system certification and accreditation packages
  • Plans regarding system or application security controls
  • Project plans and/or agreements on any application interfaces
  • IT compliance procedures

Once the appropriate systems and applications have been identified, the audit process should move onto assessing the following two groups of controls:

  • IT general controls
  • IT application controls

IT general controls and IT applications controls

The objective or intent of IT General Controls (ITGC) is to apply assurance over the system environment(s) of in-scope systems and/or applications. The ITGCs establish the integrity of:

  • Processes and computer operations
  • Data and data files
  • Components and programs

ITGCs most commonly known are:

  • Computer operations controls
  • Data recover and backup controls
  • Data center security controls
  • Program management and program change management controls
  • SDLC also known as system development lifecycle controls
  • Access controls for data, applications and infrastructure

Furthermore, the objective or intent for IT application controls is to apply control(s) over an individual application or system, intending to support business processes.

Consideration and preparation are key to any audit assessment.  Ensuring the organization’s environments, systems and applications are identified and assessed will improve the overall efficiency during any audit or assessment related activity.

Global Shield IS specializes in IT audit readiness procedures. We are a global audit and advisory services company ready to help you become audit ready. Contact us today for advice.



Please note: These guidelines from Global Shield IS, are for an organization’s general information purposes only. It is not intended to advise or give any legal or business analysis. Global Shield IS, rather offers the services to any business who have further questions related to their uncommon or unique circumstances, to contact the office for further council.  We will then assign the most appropriate adviser to address each question specifically.

An Introductory Guide to Audit Readiness – Part 2

Continuing from Part One where we covered the key milestones in the readiness process for an audit, as well as the timelines to consider for assessments in Governance,  Risk Management, Compliance, Information Technology and Financial Reporting, we can now take a look at the following competencies within departments and their procedures for audit readiness:

  • The required leadership to support assessments
  • IT Resources (IT)
  • The procedures of internal controls, and
  • Information Technology competencies – to be covered in Part 3

Required Support from Leadership

Support from leadership is defined by the organization’s culture to adopt audit readiness, as part of a necessary company process. If leadership supports audit readiness procedures, it will often create an environment that will achieve full cooperation from all levels of the organization and typically will yield better results than an organization without leadership support.

Full adoption and support from leaders across the organization would result in complete engagement planning standards, defining who should be involved in the audit procedure and what their role will be in the readiness process.  These leaders should have an ongoing, active role throughout the entire readiness process.  

Audit Readiness for IT

To understand the audit readiness procedure for IT, means to have the right employees with the right skills, aptitudes, experience and continuing education in place, who are able to identify any drawbacks or obstacles and correct them along the way. These skilled individuals will also have the capabilities to establish practical solutions to implement, and would have the ability to analyze and address any manual or automated requirements for internal controls.  They would also have the ability to determine and/or train supporting staff required to assist in the readiness procedure.

Once IT leadership has successfully put the appropriate readiness resources in place, the resource level of the team, as well as their individual skill needs to be sustained and prepped for growth. Sustainability can be accomplished through continuous training and knowledge sharing within the department. Each resource should also receive challenging tasks or be assigned appropriate projects to challenge and grow the overall IT team skillset, further sustaining the readiness procedure.   

Assurance with Internal Controls

Internal controls requires a designed set of policies and procedures which would need to be implemented and then maintained. Maintaining these policies and procedures provides assurance for the achievement of steady and functioning business operations; compliance for regulated and any legal procedures; and lastly for any reporting.   

Once an organization has demonstrated an efficiency with their internal control procedures and has been able to prove that their organization is in good standing, it will prove to be a positive benchmark on the overall health of the organization, including its financial statements.

Please note: These guidelines from Global Shield IS, are for an organization’s general information purposes only. It is not intended to advise or give any legal or business analysis. Global Shield IS, rather offers the services to any business who have further questions related to their uncommon or unique circumstances, to contact the office for further council.  We will then assign the most appropriate adviser to address each question specifically.

An Introductory Guide to Audit Readiness – Part 1

Understanding the audit readiness of an organization, is to have the ability to identify the auditory requirements that need to be in place from an infrastructure or back-end perspective, to the preparation needed to take place from a financial reporting perspective.

Auditory requirements for an audit may include:

  • Governance
  • Risk management
  • Compliance
  • Information technology – environment
  • Financial reporting
  • The financial close process

Each of these areas may pose a significant risk to the successful execution of an audit, if not taken into consideration as an overall ‘audit requirements’ set. These particular elements for an audit are routinely overlooked or underestimated by executives and management, along with their various teams. Executives and management who need to lead these teams, rather focus on gaining the competitive edge in their industry, then at the most basic level, tend to lack the understanding and knowledge required to consult, and therefore, prepare and achieve the readiness required. Executives and management should rather turn to industry consultants for support and guidance while they focus on ‘business’ success. Turning to a professional consulting firm from the beginning, can lead to a successful audit along with reduced overhead costs while undergoing the audit itself.

The time required to prepare

In most cases, the effort and time required to readily prepare for an audit are frequently misconceived once timelines are set, or more often than not, underestimated.  While each organization’s timelines may vary depending on the unique business requirements, it can typically take from 6 to 18 months to achieve readiness.

The key milestones in the readiness process should include:

  • An overall readiness assessment
  • A compliance assessment
  • A financial reporting assessment
  • IT infrastructure/systems and data assessment
  • Corporate governance assessment
  • Any other specific to-the-business requirements needing to be included in the assessments’

IT and data assessments – the most time consuming

Global Shield IS, considers all the key milestones to be relevant, and important to include in the timeline.  Among these milestones, most notably, IT infrastructure, systems and data assessments usually require a considerable amount of time to execute.  Furthermore, specific to timelines, audit related engagements from Global Shield IS are managed professionally and supervised to ensure quality and utilize industry specific audit processes.

The timelines and processes of preparing for the IT and data specific assessments should provide any organization with a clearer understanding of their business operations, on how to perform more efficiently and effectively going forward.

Please note: These guidelines from Global Shield IS, are for an organization’s general information purposes only. It is not intended to advise or give any legal or business analysis. Global Shield IS, rather offers the services to any business who have further questions related to their uncommon or unique circumstances, to contact the office for further council.  We will then assign the most appropriate adviser to address each question specifically.

How PCI compliance is a major challenge for most businesses


PCI compliance is considered to be a tough challenge in itself, however maintaining current compliance until the next PCI assessment takes place is much harder task.

Businesses who do manage to meet PCI compliance requirements at first, but fail at their next PCI compliance assessment, often remain unprotected and are at risk of a data breach, or may even receive various high impact security threats. This is due to the lack of management, or rather the continued management thereof, and the fact that it is treated as an annual event instead of a continuous effort throughout the year.  We have seen many examples of the pitfalls of yearly exercises as opposed to continuous monitoring of the same controls within both the public and private sectors.

Standards or procedures created to increase control

Payment card/credit card processing organizations such as payment processors, financial institutions, merchants, and even service providers, have standards and procedures to abide by which help increase security and controls around the card owner’s data, leading to reduced credit card fraud. Companies such as Global Shield IS are able to understand an organization’s required standards and offer compliance assessment services, then create a Report on Compliance (ROC) to serve as a guide to uphold the set out standards for compliance going forward.

Too many businesses stop paying attention to ongoing PCI compliance activities. They often do not realize it should be seen as an ongoing effort. As an ongoing effort, businesses are able to continually mitigate various and arising risks.

We would say that if a business did meet the required PCI compliance standards, and failed, it is more likely they failed at the implementation of standards, or failed to continuously apply the defined standards.

Understanding the practice of continuous PCI compliance

Businesses can take control of their processes to unhold PCI compliance through practices such as:

  • Monitoring access which may include the use of Active Directory, Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, antivirus software, firewalls, (hardware and/or software) other access control mechanisms, Etc.
  • Ensuring security breaches or security control failures are detected and addressed in a timely manner
  • Assessing how newly introduced systems or new developments impacts PCI compliance, and updating accordingly
  • Assessing the impact on PCI compliance with acquisitions and mergers

Lack of resources to continue PCI compliance

Another challenge for businesses are the resources required to keep up with the demands of staying PCI compliant. Often resources are assigned to other duties or projects, allowing for compliance tasks to fall lower on the prioritization list. This more than likely happens after the initial, or annual PCI assessment/audits take place.

Businesses should conduct regular reviews with assigned resources, and strive to communicate the necessity of performing each task required to stay compliant. Regular reviews should cover tasks such as:

  • Reviewing the necessary configurations, and make sure they are applied
  • Reviewing any data centers and audit logs on a defined, periodic basis
  • Verify the PCI requirements that need to continually be in place
  • And so on…

The ongoing procedure to review and monitor processes that need to be in place for PCI compliance sets the necessary standard for performance. Achieving the necessary standard for security, should be considered as a business-as-usual act for any business large or small.



With the Department of Defense (DoD) continuing its efforts of moving to the Risk Management Framework (RMF), Washington Headquarters Services (WHS) Financial Management Directorate (FMD) has established an independent team, which includes Global Shield IS, to perform a Federal Information Systems Controls Audit Manual (FISCAM) assessment of its Enterprise Resource Planning application and its surrounding environment.

FISCAM was established by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the President’s Council on Integrity and Efficiency (PCIE) as a complement to the Financial Audit Manual (FAM). FISCAM presents a methodology for performing information system control audits of Federal and other governmental entities in accordance with professional standards such as National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Special Publication (SP) 800-53.

The FISCAM methodology provides a top-down, risk-based approach which evaluates:

  • Entity-wide controls and their effect on audit risk
  • IT General and Application controls and their impact on transaction processing

The FISCAM IT controls model is depicted below. Starting with the General Control categories and ending in the Business Process Application Controls.


The FISCAM team is conducting on-going testing efforts through March 31, 2015.